Sortie pédagogique à l'Habitation Céron avec la classe de seconde B au Prêcheur dans le cadre d'un projet pluri-disciplinaire sur l'esclavage (anglais, français, Histoire-Géographie, internet et informatique).
- Visite de l'habitation avec questionnaire du professeur d'histoire à compléter: visite des ruines et du jardin.
- Détente à Anse Céron, pic-nic et jeux de plage
Travail à faire: envoyer un email au professeur d'anglais afin qu'il vous invite a participer au blog2la2b
The Blog for the 2de B is now waiting for your articles. Welcome online!
Let's start with your summaries of our visit to Habitation Ceron last Friday April 7th, 2006 . Please, post them in the appropriate section (post in "slavery project")
You would probably like to introduce the class? Feel free to write your introduction below.
We visited the Habitation Céron within the framwork of a slavery project. In this sugar refinery, the arrangement of buildings is interesting. Actually, the master's house was situated in altitud to take advantage of wind and coolness but the slave's hut situated next to the work buildings and farer the master's house. Slave's moving limit to the sugar refinery, it outbuildings and theirs huts. The workers never go farer than the "case negre" alley. They are recluse far from the master and his family and controled everytime. The building's arrangement of this sugar refinery is the reflection of the slave system.
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NB: de la publicité inévitable liée à la gratuité du blog est générée sur les pages. Ceci est très regrétable, aussi je vous demande de ne pas cliquer sur ces fenêtres publicitaires intempestives, pour gagner en temps et en efficacité.
PS: Congratulations to the student(s) who has(ve) already contributed! Well done Camille!
Bon courage et bienvenue dans la Blogosphère.
Interaction orale et trace écrite au tableau: Contexte historique - fin de la guerre de Secession (the Civil War = fin de l'esclavage), Division des EU sur la question esclavigiste, facteurs économiques.
expression du contraste: whereas, but
s'exprimer au passé (preterit)
Comprehension orale: Texte à trous (plusieurs écoutes)
Discrimination audio de la première moitié du document, correction et élucidation du vocabulaire
à faire: répondre aux trois premières questions de compréhension du document distribué: (Télécharger ce document pour les absents et les autres)
Présentation du bog2la2b aux élèves dans la salle multimédia (1/2 gpes, module) et du projet
- comment s'inscire et comment rédiger dans le blog - questions techniques : site public et interface de rédaction (diffusion du poste d'un élève "secrétaire" au reste de la classe pour présenter l'interface de rédaction au groupe classe)
- Que rédiger dans le blog: thèmes et orientations des messages dans le blog, suggestions
- le gpe 1 rédige un premier article test à l'oral transcrit par le secrétaire de séance sous son pseudo (Edlyne)
- le groupe 2 visite le site projet de la seconde E de l'année 2002-2003.
I can see you are working hard and I congratulate you in advance.
I plan to open new sections to the blog
: one would be the "class log", the "e-cahier de texte" of our project.
: the other would be a "tips" section " to help you get along with the writing part: this part will be my notes/reactions to the articles as I read them.
I hope you'll enjoy blogging and exchange about the history of your island, and the history of your class (yes, it's an open project really)
THIS BLOG IS A WRITING PROJECT:
WRITE ABOUT WHAT YOU READ.
WRITE ABOUT WHAT YOU WANT OTHERS TO READ
We went to the habitation Céron by bus on friday ,april 7th , 2006 before the easter holidays.During the journey we saw a film "get rich or die trying" starred 50 cent .We visited the ruins of Ceron plantation in Prêcheur in the north of martinique.It used to be a sugar factory . We walked in the forest in a tropical garden . we saw a video about how sugar was made by slaves. After visiting the habitation we went to Anse Ceron , a beach where the sand is black because of the volcano called Montagne Pelée. It was a very nice day :-)
The slaves, most (at the end of "Ancien Régime" there were in Martinique
83414 black slaves for 10634 white), carry out the most difficult tasks: to plant, weed,
cut the cane... (only the men, the women and the children of more than forteen years work).
They live in boxes out of wooden. There is a hierarchisation of the slaves;
the servants and the "negros with talents" (wet coopers, blacksmiths...) have living
conditions less hard than the slaves who work in the fields
("negro of garden" or "slaves of hoe"). These latters work in groups ten hours per day
(from 6am to 6pm) and undergo many ill treatments: among the usual punishments one distinguishes
the whip, the bar (imprisonment of the ankles, which obliges to remain motionless)...
Sunday being granted them they can be devoted to their own pieces; they consume
a part of their cultures and will sell the other at the market of a nearby borough,
where they bring some times of the poultries, a pig, vegetables and fruits, constituting
small savings to buy jewels or pretty Sunday clothes. But their food and their clothing
are of very bad quality and consequently they cannot resist the diseases and have
a death rate very high, especially infantile (1 child out of 2 died).
The water feeder canals supply the basins, whose water runs out to actuate
the mill. In the mill the cane is crushed between three wood cylinders, then of cast iron.
The juice of cane obtained (the "vesou") runs out in the channel with vesou
(which is out of cut stone) towards the sugar refinery (but the fast oxidation of
the vesou obliges a cleaning of the channel to ash 2 times per day).
In the sugar refinery, the vesou is cooked in 4 assembled boilers which have a hearth
for each one of it. The syrup is transvased with the ladle of boiler out of boiler,
is purified and beaten to air it put in conical vases bored in the content
to let run out the "mélasse".
These vases are posed on pots to collect the molasse then are put to dry in the purgery,
very ventilated by many windows. The recovered "mélasse" is distilled to give
the guildive one throughout cooking, then cooled in a fifth tank: the cooler.
Under the grid of the hearths the ashtray is; a part of ash is used for cleaning
of the channel with vesou.
Cooler, sugar is, tafia, rum, the coconut merlot. The gragery is a mill with flour;
the root of manioc is grated, to give a flour which one makes wafers,
the "cassave", which is used as bread. In the workshops are the wet cooper,
the blacksmith, the carpenter .
On the commune of the Prêcheur, with the centre of a tropical garden and
500 metres of the splendid beach of the Anse Céron, the Ceron Plantation,
is a historical, faunal and floristic curiosity which plunges you in the past through
the visit of its old masonries, sugar and manioc. The Ceron Plantation is an old old
sugar refinery of XVII century lost in the virgin forest of the volcano, arranged in
garden. It located at the north of Martinique on the Caribbean coast.
In Prêcheur, one of the four oldest villages on the island, the Ceron Plantation
was noted in 1658 as having a large sugar factory with a water mill. Its owner,
Leroux Chapelle Sainte Croix, captain of the Prêcheur militia, played an active role
in the 1717 Gaoulé uprising. Held back from moves to industrialize by the eruption
of "Montagne Pelée" at the beginning of the century, it has retained all its buildings for
sugar and cassava production. Today, after banana phase lasting 20 years,
it has diversified into crayfish-raising, and fruit and vegetable growing.
The term Plantation in Martinique indicates a farm with its grounds, its buildings
and its street negro boxes .
The slaves .
The Ceron Plantation proposes:
- the walk in its forest garden, along a torrent with crystalline water leading to
majestic "the Zamana", old of + 250 years and broad of 5000m², originated from
- excursions in quad
- Its restaurant with the rustic framework, located at the entry of the Plantation
in the "Rue cases nègres". The speciality it is well on the tasting of the local
productions, namely the vegetables country and crayfish sinned in the basins
- the shop, for your purchases of memories
- the "Anse Céron", long beach with the black sand, bordered of wild coconuts trees.
I) The Ceron Plantation.
The Ceron plantation.
II) The role of the buildings and the course of the cane .
A range of sites about slavery in french and in english
http://ordesiles.free.fr An illustrated site with a chronology of Martinique's history and the original text of the "Code Noir"
http://en.wikipédia.org/wiki/History_of_Martinique A page about History of Martinique with all the precises dates
http://www.zananas-martinique.com An history of the sugar plantations and pictures of the Ceron Plantation
Writing is good for you as much as reading is good for others.
Enjoy writing about things you want really want to write about
If you don't know how to contribute to the blog, that is to say, if you don't know what to write about, then why not imagine you are a teacher, and find a question starting with :
"introduce... Describe... Explain ...Discuss...Expose....Do you agree with /approve of.../Create...Compare...Analyse...etc"
NB: Writing a commentary to a friend's post is part of the writing project...
So start posting now or add comments to your friends' posts (a post doesn't have to be very long) please, this is an "anti" slavery-project, feel FREE!
: action to equip a ship with all that is necessary to undertake its trip.
: small goods and small objects as the cauris(shells) which are invaluable for African who uses them as currency.
Prisoners: blacks of Africa captured for the trade, are called slaves only one time sold in America.
To the XVIII century, the number of prisoners on a ship is approximately 300
The mortality is there, on average of 13% per trip, for which it is necessary to
add the losses at the time of the first year of slavery.
Once arrived at the Antilles, the prisoners are taken along in a savanna
of cooling , are washed then sold.
The ship charged with colonial produce and is then made course again
III/ The black passage .
The essential of the slave trade is made July at January of Nantes or
Bordeaux , it is necessary to count between 45 days in three months to reach
the sites of slave trade in Africa .
Then two to three months are necessary to arrive at the Antilles.
Generally the triangular way is done approximately in fifteen months.
The crew of the slave trader requires many men to supervise
the prisoners on board.
The crews are very often specialized, paid better than the majority
of the other sailors and know perfectly this traffic and its dangers.
The European slave traders do not leave them same captures
some inside the continent African.
The prisoners were driven out then gathered with their intention
while waiting for their boarding, in the fortress Europeans placed
along the coasts.
The goods loaded by a ship slave trader are composed of the
supply for the crew and the prisoners
(essential goods as far as America, renewed in Africa with regard
to water and fresh vegetables)and of the articles such as the shoddy goods.
The slave trade is a very organized activity, an economic way which
requires a lot of money (for the contruction of ships slave traders,
the armament, the production of the goods of trade,
the catch of the prisoners in Africa, the transport and resale in America) and
hundreds of thousands of characters live on the three continents triangular
II/A organized slave trade.
The french trade
is done within the context of the triangular commercial Europe- Africa -America -Europe.
At the XVIIIe century, the port of Nantes occupies the first place concerning the slave trade of which it was done specialized .
Other ports (Bordeaux, La Rochelle and Saint Malo) play a part negligible.
En Africa, French are provided as prisoners especially in the areas lain between
the south of the current Senegal and Loango,present Congo.
The prisoners finish the voyage in one of the ports of the islands with sugar..
I/ Three poles of the triangle: geography of the french slave trade.
During four centuries, second the some XVe century half until 1870, proceeded the European slave
trade in the Atlantic.
This slave trade is with its apogee with the XVIII e century.
Between 11 and 12 million people are removed in Africa for this period.
To the XVIIIe century, the share of the French trade in the whole of the European trade oscillates
between 16 and 20%.
The slave trade.
The dwelling is a great entity land and manufacturing family, is the base of the economy. It produces and transforms the tobacco, the cane, cotton, or the coffee in order to sell the product finished on the metropolitan market.
The Sugar constituting the principal West-Indian production, the dwelling is very often sugar refinery. The dwelling is an almost autonomous entity, a closed space where reign the ruler (inhabitant). Its family is the executives which surround it form the group of the White.
The other group (most important) is made up Black slaves who live and work on the dwelling. The activities and the privileges treat on a hierarchical basis this group.
The majority of them are "negros of garden", who have a situation more difficult than the "negros with talent", the commanders and the servants (cooks, child minder) who profit from certain privileges..
The dwelling sugar refinery, structure and company
The habitation Ceron is an old sugar factory of Martinique.It is situated in Précheur,which is in the north of the island.Today,after a banana phase lasting 20 years,it is diversified into crayfish-raising,and fruit and vegetable growing.The habitation ceron is a private area that everybodycan visit and enjoy activities as :
-a walk in Ceron 's beautiful garden or driving a quad while discovering the area.
The island was colonized by France since 1635 per Pierre Belain d' Esnambuc, who dies in 1658. In 1664, repurchased by the Company of the Western Indies in 1664, the island becomes colony of the kingdom in 1674 and Colbert institutes the draft of the blacks.
Colony of the Crown in 1783, it was very coveted by the English who settled there in 1794, after the first convention of the abolition of slavery.
The first European colonists arrived about the middle of the XVIIe century and quickly developed the culture of the cane with sugar while resorting to the African workforce.
The economic system of the Dwellings, founded on the farm of the work of the slaves in the sugar plantations, will remain until the official abolition of slavery, April 27, 1848, by the Republic.
In 1802, Napoleon Bonaparte restores slavery giving rise to ceaseless wars between English and French. France gains and the abolition of slavery is proclaimed on the initiative of Victor SCHOELCHER, more than 70.000 slaves are released.
History of the Martinique.
The black Code governed the life of the slaves in the dwellings. It defined in a strict way and specifies the relations between the Rulers and their slaves, considered as "movable property". The black Code fixed also the conditions of stamping from the slaves.
Freedom is the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints.
When slavery was abolished , it symbolised for the slaves the right of dispose of their life. No more whiplash, tortures, calling-names , imposed work and other humiliations other than evenness, fraternity, respect.
However, nowadays , when someone formulate his opinion and it is not compatible with the majority he is criticised that means we are not as free as we think. We are bond of our society, idea , social culture ...
In sum freedom is just a subjective notion .
please, select the appropriate category when you write a new message on the blog. Choose " Slavery Project" for our current project on this theme.
Don't forget to "edit" and correct your messages that have not been posted in the "slavery project" category by clicking the "editer" link below the writing area in the writing interface of canalblog.
Source: Antilles d'Antan d'Anne et Hervé CHOPIN, HC Éditions.
The island of Martinique is a island of the West-indies. It was discovered by Christipher Colombus in the fifteenth century. It was colonized in 1635, a centenary after its discovery.
The condition of life of the slaves are reguled by "The Black Code". Slaves lived in the plantation in the "case negre" alley and the masters' house was at altitude for avoid nuisance.
Slaves had different status : some had a profession and the others used to cut the sugar cane.
The sugar was producted in the sugar factory plantation such as the CERON PLANTATION visited by the class last month.
France declared two times tha abolition of slavery : -the first time in 1792 but Napoleon restored it in 1801.
-the second time in 1848 and this time definitively.
The abolition of slavery was accompnied by the disappearance of thr economic system of sugar factory plantation.